Sam is experiencing the realities of life in the settlement towns of Kiryat Arba and Hebron. As with most of the “contemporary” chapters set in the Middle East – excluding the final chapter – the first person, present tense is used. The action takes place a few years after his grandfather’s death and the family move to the West Bank “frontier”.
Even at this early stage, Sam is concerned by negative aspects of the confrontation
between Arab and Jew, as well as the contradictions in his father’s hard-
This, like all the other chapters set in the Warsaw ghetto, recounts the stories Leo is passing on to his grandson. The narrative is presented in the third person, present tense and alternates between the action in Poland during the Second World War, and the Jerusalem bedroom where the two characters are communing.
The chapter begins with the German invasion of Poland. Experiencing the ruthlessness of the Nazi invaders, first hand, Leo flees, with his sister, to Warsaw. With the help of one of his father’s friends, the pair manage to obtain papers and a place to live. While Sam is moved by the heroic nature of his grandfather’s struggle to survive, the latter strives to accentuate the terrible human cost.
It is 1994 and Dr Goldstein has murdered twenty-
The narrative shifts to Warsaw at the end of 1940 and the months following the formation
of the ghetto. Leo has joined the internal ghetto police force but his path remains
unclear. After experiencing some of the terrible realities of ghetto life, and a
vicious confrontation with members of the pro-